Elephant Beetle (Megasoma elephas) is a large striking beetle, belonging to the scarab family and originating from the lowland rainforests in Central and South America. Beetles range between 70-120mm long (or over). The males are usually two/three times bigger than females and their weight can exceed 50-70g.
This is 35 times bigger than the weight of the smallest known mammal, Thailand’s bumblebee bat, which is 11mm long and about 2 grams weight.
The Elephant Beetle males have the large, graceful horns, protruding from their heads, like a trunk of the elephant (this is why their name). The males’ horns purpose is to fight other males for feeding or breeding sites.
Elephant Beetle’s larvae develop in large decaying logs and take up to four years to develop into an adult beetle. The life span of an adult beetle is around four months. Habitat destruction by the man, particularly clear-cutting when large trees are removed, is the main threat to this beetle in nature.
The photographed male is just one specimen from the large Manchester Museum’s collection of scarab beetles, numbering over 3,000 species.